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INTRODUCTION OF SMART CERTIFICATES.
A BIG BREAK TO FAKE CERTIFICATES & DEGREES .
Dated : 2018-12-08
By -Dr. Basavaraj V T
  Reading, writing and conference are not isolated activities, they constitute the shades of the total impression which can be called ‘Education’. The purpose of education is to equip a person with the weapons for fighting the forces of darkness and conservatism. If the society is evolving itself, it needs a push and that is always provided by the educational background. If it fails to produce creative temper it is a bad type of education and an adverse to the society. It is recognized that the country cannot successfully tackle manifold problems of reconstruction unless education makes rapid progress.                     
India stands third in the world with concerned to Higher Education System as per 2011 Census. Higher Education Commission of India or the same old University Grant Commission  is the main governing body at the tertiary level.  It advices the government to enforce its standards, co-ordinates between centre and state, Accredits higher education & the institutions.
At about 8.15% (68 Millions) of Indians are graduates as per latest 2011 census. Higher education system in the country has expanded at a fast pace in a decade from 2000-01 to 2010-11. India has 799 universities, with a break up of 44 central universities, 540 state universities, 122 deemed universities, 90 private universities, 5 institutions established and functioning under the State Act, and 75 Institutes of National Importance which include AIIMS, IIT's and NIT's among others. Other institutions include 39,071 colleges as Government Degree Colleges and Private Degree Colleges, including 1800 exclusive women's colleges, functioning under these universities and institutions as reported by the UGC in 2016. Colleges may be Autonomous, i.e. empowered to examine their own degrees, up to PhD level in some cases, or non-autonomous, in which case their examinations are under the supervision of the university to which they are affiliated; in either case, however, degrees are awarded in the name of the university rather than the college.
Distance learning and open education is also a feature of the Indian higher education system, monitored by the Distance Education Council. UGC has recognized 14 Distance/Open universities in India such as Indira Gandhi National Open University, Karnataka State Open University and so on.  
Indian higher education is in need of radical reforms. A focus on enforcing higher standards of transparency, strengthening of the vocational and doctoral education pipeline, and professionalization of the sector through stronger institutional responsibility would help in reprioritizing efforts and working around the complexities. 
University Grant Commission on its own website put out a list of fake universities and institutes and warns the students ahead of new academic session every year. Menace of fake institutes is widespread and is getting increasingly lucrative, as more students look for higher education to improve their job prospects. 

In 2009, Karnataka Public Service Commission published a notification to recruit 2550 Assistant Professors for the First Grade Collages in Karnataka. Dr. Basavaraj V.T. who pursued his Doctorate in Sociology from University of Kuvempu in the state of Karnataka was also an aspirant. Though he was eligible in all the aspects he couldn’t succeed. As a result, through RTI, he found that many of the selected candidates degree certificates are of fraud/fake ones. He filed an Writ Petition at Karnataka Administration Tribunal  and then at High Court of Karnataka and further at Supreme Court Of India, where in which the judgment is yet to outcome. 
Out of his experience he studied trade of fake certificates in the society which is a big menace to the system of education in the nation.  In 2014 he submitted a proposal to Government of India and also the Ministry of Human Resource (MHRD) to introduce SMART CERTIFICATES (Cards) rather than issuing of certificates in a paper mode by hand in order to avoid fake degrees and certificates. He also urged the government to bring all the education institutions of the entire nation under a centralised system by digitalizing the certificates. In 2016 he received a reply from Hon'ble PM office and also from MHRD.
The government formed a New National Education Policy Committee(NEP) which is chaired by Hon,ble Ex-ISRO Chief DR. K Kasturi Rangan. He had an opportunity to communicate to NEP chairman in 2017.  Dr. Kasturi Rangan expressed his view & said that the issue is of deemed necessary and will be perused.
As a fruitful result, the MHRD has introduced National Academic Depository website/office (www.nad.gov.in) where in which, all the proposed issues have been covered & inculcated in the website to dizitalise all the certificates, in turn fake certificates will be avoided. 
The vision of National Academic Depository (NAD) is born out of an initiative to provide an online store house of all academic awards. National Academic Depository (NAD) is a 24X7 online store house of all academic awards viz.certificates, diplomas, degrees, mark-sheets etc. duly digitised and lodged by academic institutions / boards / eligibility assessment bodies. NAD not only ensures easy access to and retrieval of an academic award but also validates and guarantees its authenticity and safe storage The system is simply superb to access all the documents. Recruiters and employer can validate the certificates within a short period of time. 
As per the proposal if everyone gets SMART CERTIFICATES there will be a big full stop for fake Degrees / Certificates. Which would bring a big change in the entire academic social system.

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